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APPENDIX O. ENERGY
the energy ﬁeld. Therefore, a complete Province-wide energy inventory is
recommended for the Western Cape.
Recommendation 2 Formulation of an Energy Task Group within the
Formulation of an energy task group within the Western Cape to ensure
all initiatives and strategies are aligned between the various departments
and stakeholders within the Western Cape energy sector.
has a limited mandate with regards to the energy sector. There is also
currently a lack of coordination which is being experienced between the
various departments which results in various discrepancies with regards to
the energy sector and mix. Therefore, creating a focal point to implement
a Province-wide strategy is vital.
Recommendation 3 Assisting the implementation of Solar Water Heaters
into the Province.
The Department of Economic Development could provide industry the
necessary assistance with re-introducing Solar Water Heaters into the Province.
The economies of scale and costs of alternative energy resources is a sig-
niﬁcant barrier to implementing renewable energy initiatives as part of the
Western Cape energy mix. Therefore, should PGWC provide assistance
these barriers of entry could be reduced or even eliminated.
Upon analysing the most important policies and strategies impacting
on the Western Cape, the aforementioned are deemed to impact the most
on the growth of the energy sector in the Province. These are believed to
be the policy and strategy interventions which need to be considered to
enhance economic development in the Western Cape.
Report Prepared by:
This executive summary provides a synthesis of the two transport sector
reports, as input into a Micro-economic Development Strategy for the West-
ern Cape. The ﬁrst paper provided an outline of the state of the provincial
transport sector, within the context of the economy, highlighting key is-
sues to be addressed in a provincial transport policy and strategy. The
review for paper 1 was literature based, focused primarily on the passenger
and freight transport components of the broad sector. The second paper,
built on the transport issues and challenges highlighted in the ﬁrst paper,
providing a synthesis of the key transport issues identiﬁed and outlines
strategic objectives and interventions required to support economic devel-
opment. The review work for paper 2 included canvassing views from key
APPENDIX P. TRANSPORT
Nationally, passenger land transport contributes 60% of total transport out-
put and freight about 40% (2002). Provincially, the transport, storage and
increased its share in real output
cantly from 8% in 1995 to 11% in 2002, although this growth was primarily
due to high growth in the communications sub-sector.
Key trends and policies identiﬁed as increasing the pressure on the road
network, include the following:
• Over the past decade there has been a signiﬁcant shift from rail freight
to road freight, due to a decline in rail service eﬃciency and challenges
with inter-mode changes, associated with rail.
• A dramatic growth in exports over the last decade, due to globalisa-
tion and our (South African) political transformation (democracy),
opening new markets.
• An increase in the export volume of manufactured products over pri-
mary produce, increasing from 5% to 20% of total exports.
• Government’s policy aimed at ensuring economic opportunity for all
citizens, coupled with its policy to provide basic personal mobility
for all, driving the demand for personal mobility, particularly public
These and other (global, economic and social) trends will need to be
taken into consideration in the strategy formulation of a micro-economic
transport development strategy for the Province.
Paper 1 introduces the key components of the national and provincial pol-
icy frameworks and legislation shaping the transport dispensation, includ-
Sector reﬂected in terms of Standard Industrial classiﬁcation (SIC), the format on
which Stats SA information is collated.
Output reﬂects the value of ﬁnal goods and services, measured by Gross Domes-
tic/Geographic Product GDP or GGP.
ing: The South African Constitution; The Reconstruction and Development
Programme framework; The National White Paper on Transport (1996);
Western Cape Provincial White Paper on Transport (1997); and Moving
South Africa (1998). Based on these documents, priority areas of challenge
are identiﬁed as improved investment in transport infrastructure, including
road, rail and bus; revision of the subsidy system and consideration of al-
ternative means of delivery and payment; and restructuring of the NDoT,
particularly in light of a shortage of senior personnel across all divisions
Paper 1 notes a range of prominent national transport initiatives impacting
on the provincial transport dispensation, including:
• The Moving South Africa (MSA) action agenda that has identiﬁed
prioritised customer groupings, namely, the poor rural and urban
stranded and survival categories, selected tourist passengers and ex-
porters of value-added manufactured products.
• The Taxi Re-capitalisation Project, scheduled for implementation in
2005/06 ﬁnancial year.
• The implementation of a revised bus contracting dispensation based
on competitive tendering.
• Rail transformation, which includes the merger of Metro Rail and the
South African Rail Commuter Corporation and the establishment of
a transitional regulatory authority.
• Maritime transport policy, which includes the potential privatisation
of cargo handling facilities.
In addition, the paper highlights the wide range of agencies that cur-
rently operate within the transport dispensation, under the auspices of the
NDoT. In this context it became apparent that there were potentially policy
implications in terms of inter-agency coordination.
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